poses a serious threat since it can affect MS Windows, Mac OS X or Linux. The strength of the encryption can lock important files such as images, videos, audio, PDF files, MS Office files, and other types of files and apps. Ransomware will ask that a substantial fee is paid for the decryption of the files to restore them back to their original state. However, paying for the ransom does not guarantee that the computer user will regain access to the infected computer.
Most ransomware will make a false claim of online criminal activity or immoral acts detected by authorities. While the claims proved to be false, the threat is very real and could end up costing you a lot in the long run. The extortion price varies, ranging from USD$20 to more than USD$600, but may be much higher.
The technical challenges presented with ransomware are vast. Such malware infections put your system’s resources at risk and could result in a total loss of your data if the threat is not addressed or removed.
How to Protect Yourself?
- ALWAYS BACKUP YOUR DATA. The most important step you can take to secure your system against ransomware is to regularly perform a system backup to safeguard your valuable data.
- Avoid spam emails. Do not open suspicious email attachments and links.
- Update your OS & software regularly. Patch and maintain your operating system, anti-malware, firewall, Adobe Flash Player, Java, browsers, and keep other software up-to-date.
- Use strong passwords. Reduce the risk of identity theft by setting up unique passwords for different accounts.
- Notice a suspicious process on your computer? Turn off the Internet connection instantly. This way ransomware won’t get the chance to start a connection with its C&C server and cannot complete the encryption process.
- Use anti-malware software and a firewall. Run a real-time anti-malware remediation tool and setup a strong firewall protection.